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There are five distinct courts that fall under the umbrella of Provincial Court. Adult Criminal Court hears matters involving all summary conviction offences under federal and provincial statutes, those involving indictable offences, except where excluded under the Criminal Code of Canada (i.e. murder), and preliminary inquiries related to all indictable offences. Youth Court deals with all criminal cases involving youth. Traffic Court hears all matters related to the Highway Traffic Act and is responsible for processing summary offence tickets. Family Court has jurisdiction over custody, support maintenance, child welfare, paternity, and adoption. Small Claims Court hears most civil claims up to $25,000.00.
In addition, there is a specialized therapeutic criminal court located in St. John's. Mental Health Court is designed to provide an increased level of support, both medical and community based, to accused persons appearing before it.